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Country information - Brazil
Country name - conventional long form : Federative Republic of Brazil
Country name - conventional short form : Brazil
Country name - local long form : Republica Federativa do Brasil
Country name - local short form : Brasil
Government type : federal republic
Capital - name : Brasilia
Capital - time difference : UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 7 September (1822)
Nationality - noun : Brazilian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Brazilian
Languages : Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language); note - less common languages include Spanish (border areas and schools), German, Italian, Japanese, English, and a large number of minor Amerindian languages
Currency (code) : real (BRL)
Currency code : BRL

Brazil is located Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean. The climate is mostly tropical, but temperate in south. The terrain is mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822 and a republic in 1889. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil overcame more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country when in 1985 the military regime peacefully ceded power to civilian rulers. Brazil continues to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of its interior. Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, it is today South America's leading economic power and a regional leader. Highly unequal income distribution and crime remain pressing problems.

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