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Burundi

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Country information - Burundi
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Burundi
Country name - conventional short form : Burundi
Country name - local long form : Republique du Burundi/Republika y'u Burundi
Country name - local short form : Burundi
Country name - former : Urundi
Government type : republic
Capital - name : Bujumbura
Capital - time difference : UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 1 July (1962)
Nationality - noun : Burundian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Burundian
Languages : Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Currency (code) : Burundi franc (BIF)
Currency code : BIF
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : very high

Burundi is located Central Africa, east of Democratic Republic of the Congo. The climate is equatorial; high plateau with considerable altitude variation (772 m to 2,670 m above sea level); average annual temperature varies with altitude from 23 to 17 degrees centigrade but is generally moderate as the average altitude is about 1,700 m; average annual rainfall is about 150 cm; two wet seasons (February to May and September to November), and two dry seasons (June to August and December to January). The terrain is hilly and mountainous, dropping to a plateau in east, some plains.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Burundi's first democratically elected president was assassinated in October 1993 after only 100 days in office, triggering widespread ethnic violence between Hutu and Tutsi factions. More than 200,000 Burundians perished during the conflict that spanned almost a dozen years. Hundreds of thousands of Burundians were internally displaced or became refugees in neighboring countries. An internationally brokered power-sharing agreement between the Tutsi-dominated government and the Hutu rebels in 2003 paved the way for a transition process that led to an integrated defense force, established a new constitution in 2005, and elected a majority Hutu government in 2005. The new government, led by President Pierre NKURUNZIZA, signed a South African brokered ceasefire with the country's last rebel group in September of 2006 but still faces many challenges.



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