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Geography - People - Economy - Government - Communications - Transportation - Military - Transnational Issues

Country information - Cameroon
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Cameroon
Country name - conventional short form : Cameroon
Country name - local long form : Republique du Cameroun/Republic of Cameroon
Country name - local short form : Cameroun/Cameroon
Country name - former : French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
Government type : republic; multiparty presidential regime
Capital - name : Yaounde
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Republic Day (National Day), 20 May (1972)
Nationality - noun : Cameroonian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Cameroonian
Languages : 24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Currency (code) : Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Currency code : XAF
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : very high

Cameroon is located Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria. The climate is varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north. The terrain is diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The former French Cameroon and part of British Cameroon merged in 1961 to form the present country. Cameroon has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite a slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.

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