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Central African Republic

Geography - People - Economy - Government - Communications - Transportation - Military - Transnational Issues

Country information - Central African Republic
Country name - conventional long form : Central African Republic
Country name - conventional short form : none
Country name - local long form : Republique Centrafricaine
Country name - local short form : none
Country name - former : Ubangi-Shari, Central African Empire
Government type : republic
Capital - name : Bangui
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Republic Day, 1 December (1958)
Nationality - noun : Central African(s)
Nationality - adjective : Central African
Languages : French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Currency (code) : Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF); note - responsible authority is the Bank of the Central African States
Currency code : XAF
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : very high

Central African Republic is located Central Africa, north of Democratic Republic of the Congo. The climate is tropical; hot, dry winters; mild to hot, wet summers. The terrain is vast, flat to rolling, monotonous plateau; scattered hills in northeast and southwest.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The former French colony of Ubangi-Shari became the Central African Republic upon independence in 1960. After three tumultuous decades of misrule - mostly by military governments - civilian rule was established in 1993 and lasted for one decade. President Ange-Felix PATASSE's civilian government was plagued by unrest, and in March 2003 he was deposed in a military coup led by General Francois BOZIZE, who established a transitional government. Though the government has the tacit support of civil society groups and the main parties, a wide field of candidates contested the municipal, legislative, and presidential elections held in March and May of 2005 in which General BOZIZE was affirmed as president. The government still does not fully control the countryside, where pockets of lawlessness persist. Unrest in neighboring nations, Chad, Sudan, and the DRC, continues to affect stability in the Central African Republic as well.

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