Cocos (Keeling) Islands

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Country information - Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Country name - conventional long form : Territory of Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Country name - conventional short form : Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Government type : NA
Capital - name : West Island
Capital - time difference : UTC+6.5 (11.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Australia Day, 26 January (1788)
Population : 596 (July 2007 est.)
Nationality - noun : Cocos Islander(s)
Nationality - adjective : Cocos Islander
Languages : Malay (Cocos dialect), English
Currency (code) : Australian dollar (AUD)
Currency code : AUD

Cocos (Keeling) Islands is located Southeastern Asia, group of islands in the Indian Ocean, southwest of Indonesia, about halfway from Australia to Sri Lanka. The climate is tropical with high humidity, moderated by the southeast trade winds for about nine months of the year. The terrain is flat, low-lying coral atolls.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : There are 27 coral islands in the group. Captain William KEELING discovered the islands in 1609, but they remained uninhabited until the 19th century. From the 1820s to 1978, members of the CLUNIE-ROSS family controlled the islands and the copra produced from local coconuts. Annexed by the UK in 1857, the Cocos Islands were transferred to the Australian Government in 1955. The population on the two inhabited islands generally is split between the ethnic Europeans on West Island and the ethnic Malays on Home Island.

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