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Country information - Croatia
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Croatia
Country name - conventional short form : Croatia
Country name - local long form : Republika Hrvatska
Country name - local short form : Hrvatska
Country name - former : People's Republic of Croatia, Socialist Republic of Croatia
Government type : presidential/parliamentary democracy
Capital - name : Zagreb
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 8 October (1991); note - 25 June 1991 was the day the Croatian Parliament voted for independence; following a three-month moratorium to allow the European Community to solve the Yugoslav crisis peacefully, Parliament adopted a decision on 8 October 1991 to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia
Population : 4,491,543 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Croat(s), Croatian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Croatian
Languages : Croatian 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other and undesignated 2.9% (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German) (2001 census)
Currency (code) : kuna (HRK)
Currency code : HRK
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : intermediate
Major infectious diseases - note : highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008)

Croatia is located Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia. The climate is Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominant with hot summers and cold winters; mild winters, dry summers along coast. The terrain is geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The lands that today comprise Croatia were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the close of World War I. In 1918, the Croats, Serbs, and Slovenes formed a kingdom known after 1929 as Yugoslavia. Following World War II, Yugoslavia became a federal independent Communist state under the strong hand of Marshal TITO. Although Croatia declared its independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, it took four years of sporadic, but often bitter, fighting before occupying Serb armies were mostly cleared from Croatian lands. Under UN supervision, the last Serb-held enclave in eastern Slavonia was returned to Croatia in 1998.

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