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Estonia

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Country information - Estonia
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Estonia
Country name - conventional short form : Estonia
Country name - local long form : Eesti Vabariik
Country name - local short form : Eesti
Country name - former : Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Government type : parliamentary republic
Capital - name : Tallinn
Capital - time difference : UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 24 February (1918); note - 24 February 1918 was the date Estonia declared its independence from Soviet Russia; 20 August 1991 was the date it declared its independence from the Soviet Union
Population : 1,307,605 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Estonian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Estonian
Languages : Estonian (official) 67.3%, Russian 29.7%, other 2.3%, unknown 0.7% (2000 census)
Currency (code) : Estonian kroon (EEK)
Currency code : EEK
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : intermediate

Estonia is located Eastern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Finland, between Latvia and Russia. The climate is maritime, wet, moderate winters, cool summers. The terrain is marshy, lowlands; flat in the north, hilly in the south.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : After centuries of Danish, Swedish, German, and Russian rule, Estonia attained independence in 1918. Forcibly incorporated into the USSR in 1940 - an action never recognized by the US - it regained its freedom in 1991, with the collapse of the Soviet Union. Since the last Russian troops left in 1994, Estonia has been free to promote economic and political ties with Western Europe. It joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.



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