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Greenland

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Country information - Greenland
Country name - conventional long form : none
Country name - conventional short form : Greenland
Country name - local long form : none
Country name - local short form : Kalaallit Nunaat
Government type : parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy
Capital - name : Nuuk (Godthab)
Capital - time difference : UTC-3 (2 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : June 21 (longest day)
Population : 57,564 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Greenlander(s)
Nationality - adjective : Greenlandic
Languages : Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
Currency (code) : Danish krone (DKK)
Currency code : DKK

Greenland is located Northern North America, island between the Arctic Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Canada. The climate is arctic to subarctic; cool summers, cold winters. The terrain is flat to gradually sloping icecap covers all but a narrow, mountainous, barren, rocky coast.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Greenland, the world's largest island, is about 81% ice-capped. Vikings reached the island in the 10th century from Iceland; Danish colonization began in the 18th century, and Greenland was made an integral part of Denmark in 1953. It joined the European Community (now the EU) with Denmark in 1973, but withdrew in 1985 over a dispute centered on stringent fishing quotas. Greenland was granted self-government in 1979 by the Danish parliament; the law went into effect the following year. Denmark continues to exercise control of Greenland's foreign affairs in consultation with Greenland's Home Rule Government.



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