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Country information - Honduras
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Honduras
Country name - conventional short form : Honduras
Country name - local long form : Republica de Honduras
Country name - local short form : Honduras
Government type : democratic constitutional republic
Capital - name : Tegucigalpa
Capital - time difference : UTC-6 (1 hour behind Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
Nationality - noun : Honduran(s)
Nationality - adjective : Honduran
Languages : Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Currency (code) : lempira (HNL)
Currency code : HNL
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : high

Honduras is located Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua. The climate is subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains. The terrain is mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage.

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