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Malta

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Country information - Malta
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Malta
Country name - conventional short form : Malta
Country name - local long form : Repubblika ta' Malta
Country name - local short form : Malta
Government type : republic
Capital - name : Valletta
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 21 September (1964)
Population : 403,532 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Maltese (singular and plural)
Nationality - adjective : Maltese
Languages : Maltese (official) 90.2%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.8% (2005 census)
Currency (code) : euro (EUR) as of 1 January 2008; Maltese lira (MTL) before then
Currency code : MTL

Malta is located Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy). The climate is Mediterranean; mild, rainy winters; hot, dry summers. The terrain is mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the UK through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May 2004 and began to use the euro as currency in 2008.



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