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Micronesia, Federated States of

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Country information - Micronesia, Federated States of
Country name - conventional long form : Federated States of Micronesia
Country name - conventional short form : none
Country name - local long form : Federated States of Micronesia
Country name - local short form : none
Country name - former : Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Ponape, Truk, and Yap Districts
Government type : constitutional government in free association with the US; the Compact of Free Association entered into force 3 November 1986 and the Amended Compact entered into force May 2004
Capital - name : Palikir
Capital - time difference : UTC+11 (16 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Constitution Day, 10 May (1979)
Population : 107,665 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Micronesian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Micronesian; Chuukese, Kosraen(s), Pohnpeian(s), Yapese
Languages : English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Currency (code) : US dollar (USD)
Currency code : USD

Micronesia, Federated States of is located Oceania, island group in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to Indonesia. The climate is tropical; heavy year-round rainfall, especially in the eastern islands; located on southern edge of the typhoon belt with occasionally severe damage. The terrain is islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low, coral atolls; volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : In 1979 the Federated States of Micronesia, a UN Trust Territory under US administration, adopted a constitution. In 1986 independence was attained under a Compact of Free Association with the US, which was amended and renewed in 2004. Present concerns include large-scale unemployment, overfishing, and overdependence on US aid.



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