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Country information - Monaco
Country name - conventional long form : Principality of Monaco
Country name - conventional short form : Monaco
Country name - local long form : Principaute de Monaco
Country name - local short form : Monaco
Government type : constitutional monarchy
Capital - name : Monaco
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : National Day (Saint Rainier's Day), 19 November (1857)
Population : 32,796 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Monegasque(s) or Monacan(s)
Nationality - adjective : Monegasque or Monacan
Languages : French (official), English, Italian, Monegasque
Currency (code) : euro (EUR)
Currency code : EUR

Monaco is located Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy. The climate is Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers. The terrain is hilly, rugged, rocky.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The Genoese built a fortress on the site of present-day Monaco in 1215. The current ruling Grimaldi family secured control in the late 13th century, and a principality was established in 1338. Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center.

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