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Netherlands Antilles

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Country information - Netherlands Antilles
Country name - conventional long form : none
Country name - conventional short form : Netherlands Antilles
Country name - local long form : none
Country name - local short form : Nederlandse Antillen
Country name - former : Curacao and Dependencies
Government type : parliamentary
Capital - name : Willemstad (on Curacao)
Capital - time difference : UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Queen's Day (Birthday of Queen-Mother JULIANA and accession to the throne of her oldest daughter BEATRIX), 30 April (1909 and 1980)
Population : 225,369 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Dutch Antillean(s)
Nationality - adjective : Dutch Antillean
Languages : Papiamento 65.4% (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect), English 15.9% (widely spoken), Dutch 7.3% (official), Spanish 6.1%, Creole 1.6%, other 1.9%, unspecified 1.8% (2001 census)
Currency (code) : Netherlands Antillean guilder (ANG)
Currency code : ANG

Netherlands Antilles is located Caribbean, two island groups in the Caribbean Sea - composed of five islands, Curacao and Bonaire located off the coast of Venezuela, and Sint Maarten, Saba, and Sint Eustatius lie east of the US Virgin Islands. The climate is tropical; ameliorated by northeast trade winds. The terrain is generally hilly, volcanic interiors.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Once the center of the Caribbean slave trade, the island of Curacao was hard hit by the abolition of slavery in 1863. Its prosperity (and that of neighboring Aruba) was restored in the early 20th century with the construction of oil refineries to service the newly discovered Venezuelan oil fields. The island of Saint Martin is shared with France; its southern portion is named Sint Maarten and is part of the Netherlands Antilles; its northern portion, called Saint Martin, is an overseas collectivity of France.

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