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Country information - Oman
Country name - conventional long form : Sultanate of Oman
Country name - conventional short form : Oman
Country name - local long form : Saltanat Uman
Country name - local short form : Uman
Country name - former : Muscat and Oman
Government type : monarchy
Capital - name : Muscat
Capital - time difference : UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18 November (1940)
Nationality - noun : Omani(s)
Nationality - adjective : Omani
Languages : Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Currency (code) : Omani rial (OMR)
Currency code : OMR

Oman is located Middle East, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE. The climate is dry desert; hot, humid along coast; hot, dry interior; strong southwest summer monsoon (May to September) in far south. The terrain is central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th century, a newly established sultanate in Muscat signed the first in a series of friendship treaties with Britain. Over time, Oman's dependence on British political and military advisors increased, but it never became a British colony. In 1970, QABOOS bin Said al-Said overthrew the restrictive rule of his father; he has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world while preserving the longstanding close ties with the UK. Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.

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