Saint Kitts and Nevis

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Country information - Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name - conventional long form : Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name - conventional short form : Saint Kitts and Nevis
Country name - former : Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis
Government type : parliamentary democracy
Capital - name : Basseterre
Capital - time difference : UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 19 September (1983)
Population : 39,817 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Kittitian, Nevisian
Languages : English
Currency (code) : East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code : XCD

Saint Kitts and Nevis is located Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago. The climate is tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November). The terrain is volcanic with mountainous interiors.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to try and separate from Saint Kitts.

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