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Country information - Sweden
Country name - conventional long form : Kingdom of Sweden
Country name - conventional short form : Sweden
Country name - local long form : Konungariket Sverige
Country name - local short form : Sverige
Government type : constitutional monarchy
Capital - name : Stockholm
Capital - time difference : UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Swedish Flag Day, 6 June (1916); National Day, 6 June (1983)
Population : 9,045,389 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Swede(s)
Nationality - adjective : Swedish
Languages : Swedish, small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Currency (code) : Swedish krona (SEK)
Currency code : SEK

Sweden is located Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak, between Finland and Norway. The climate is temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; subarctic in north. The terrain is mostly flat or gently rolling lowlands; mountains in west.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : A military power during the 17th century, Sweden has not participated in any war in almost two centuries. An armed neutrality was preserved in both World Wars. Sweden's long-successful economic formula of a capitalist system interlarded with substantial welfare elements was challenged in the 1990s by high unemployment and in 2000-02 by the global economic downturn, but fiscal discipline over the past several years has allowed the country to weather economic vagaries. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, but the public rejected the introduction of the euro in a 2003 referendum.

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