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Country information - Tanzania
Country name - conventional long form : United Republic of Tanzania
Country name - conventional short form : Tanzania
Country name - local long form : Jamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania
Country name - local short form : Tanzania
Country name - former : United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
Government type : republic
Capital - name : Dar es Salaam
Capital - time difference : UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Union Day (Tanganyika and Zanzibar), 26 April (1964)
Nationality - noun : Tanzanian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Tanzanian
Currency (code) : Tanzanian shilling (TZS)
Currency code : TZS
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : very high

Tanzania is located Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique. The climate is varies from tropical along coast to temperate in highlands. The terrain is plains along coast; central plateau; highlands in north, south.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : Shortly after achieving independence from Britain in the early 1960s, Tanganyika and Zanzibar merged to form the nation of Tanzania in 1964. One-party rule came to an end in 1995 with the first democratic elections held in the country since the 1970s. Zanzibar's semi-autonomous status and popular opposition have led to two contentious elections since 1995, which the ruling party won despite international observers' claims of voting irregularities.

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