Trinidad and Tobago country flag

Trinidad and Tobago

Geography - People - Economy - Government - Communications - Transportation - Military - Transnational Issues

Country information - Trinidad and Tobago
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Country name - conventional short form : Trinidad and Tobago
Government type : parliamentary democracy
Capital - name : Port-of-Spain
Capital - time difference : UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 31 August (1962)
Population : 1,047,366 (July 2008 est.)
Nationality - noun : Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
Nationality - adjective : Trinidadian, Tobagonian
Languages : English (official), Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), French, Spanish, Chinese
Currency (code) : Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Currency code : TTD

Trinidad and Tobago is located Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. The climate is tropical; rainy season (June to December). The terrain is mostly plains with some hills and low mountains.


This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry. The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime.

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