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Uganda

Geography - People - Economy - Government - Communications - Transportation - Military - Transnational Issues

Country information - Uganda
Country name - conventional long form : Republic of Uganda
Country name - conventional short form : Uganda
Government type : republic
Capital - name : Kampala
Capital - time difference : UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
National holiday : Independence Day, 9 October (1962)
Nationality - noun : Ugandan(s)
Nationality - adjective : Ugandan
Languages : English (official national language, taught in grade schools, used in courts of law and by most newspapers and some radio broadcasts), Ganda or Luganda (most widely used of the Niger-Congo languages, preferred for native language publications in the capital and may be taught in school), other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Currency (code) : Ugandan shilling (UGX)
Currency code : UGX
Major infectious diseases - degree of risk : very high

Uganda is located Eastern Africa, west of Kenya. The climate is tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast. The terrain is mostly plateau with rim of mountains.

Background

This entry usually highlights major historic events and current issues and may include a statement about one or two key future trends.
Background : The colonial boundaries created by Britain to delimit Uganda grouped together a wide range of ethnic groups with different political systems and cultures. These differences prevented the establishment of a working political community after independence was achieved in 1962. The dictatorial regime of Idi AMIN (1971-79) was responsible for the deaths of some 300,000 opponents; guerrilla war and human rights abuses under Milton OBOTE (1980-85) claimed at least another 100,000 lives. The rule of Yoweri MUSEVENI since 1986 has brought relative stability and economic growth to Uganda. During the 1990s, the government promulgated non-party presidential and legislative elections.



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